His work is grounded in deep understanding of both the ecology and cultures of East Africa, and an appreciation of the need for symbiosis between the two.
He has specialist knowledge of individual species of flora and fauna, and has worked across different habitats, from pastoral rangelands, to mountains, marine environments, wooded savannah and coastal forests, with experience in both protected and non-protected areas.
He has lived and worked in East Africa all his life, with his childhood spent in a pastoralist community in northern Tanzania, and he was formerly a Village Executive Officer to the Tanzanian Government in Arumeru District, Arusha.
He has worked for, amongst others, the European Commission (EC) in Dar es Salaam, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Fauna and Flora International (FFI), the East African Wildlife Society, CARE International, DESEMP (Government of Finland), Istituto Oikos Tanzania, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), The Mpingo Conservation Project, BCW Holdings and UNHCR.
James’ work has included land use assessments and planning; development and reinforcement of community based natural resources management such as Wildlife Management Areas (WMA’s), Beach Management Units (BMU’s), Village Land Forest reserves (VLFR’s), awareness raising amongst communities for sustainable use of natural resources; renewable energy assessments, training of village game scouts and village environmental committee for better management and protection of fauna and flora; planning for community-based tourism ventures; working as a community liaison; conducting environmental impact assessments to be included in project proposals; socio-economic research using PRA research tools and mediating on boundaries conflict resolution.
He has also developed geographical information systems using GPS units and computer software for community land-use planning and more recently, he has been working on Climate Change issues by carrying out an assessment of community climate vulnerability in the Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa (RUMAKI) Seascape, Tanzania- for WWF.
James holds a Diploma in Tourism Management from the Institute of Hotel Business Management, Dar es Salaam, and an Advanced Diploma in Wildlife Management from Mweka College of Wildlife Management, Moshi.
In addition, he has attended various courses in conservation, including a two month course on Monitoring and Evaluation at the MS Training Centre for Development Cooperation in Tanzania.
James is fluent in English, Swahili and the Maasai language and works from Kilimanyika’s bases in Arusha, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya.